Op-amp Circuits

Op-Amps  or Operational Amplifiers are called as the workhorse of Analog circuits. There are many types of Op-Amp IC, but the most commonly used ones are the LM358 and LM741. Based on the circuit design, Op-Amps can be configured for many applications like Amplifiers, Comparators, Integrators, Differentiators, Summer, Voltage Follower etc..  The below list from Circuit Digest consists of a huge collection of Op-amp Circuits with neat circuit diagram and practical DIY hardware explanation enabling you to master the operational amplifier basics.

Howland Current Pump Circuit

The simple current source is not perfect for variable loads as the current through load also changes with the load resistance....