DC Motor Control Using MATLAB and Arduino

matlab

ByPankaj Khatri 0

DC Motor Control Using MATLAB and Arduino

In this tutorial, we will show you how to control DC motor using MATLB and Arduino. If you are new with MATLAB then it is recommend to get started with simple LED blink program with MATLAB.

 

Creating MATLAB Graphical User Interface for controlling DC Motor

After finishing setup with Arduino for MATLAB, we have to build GUI (Graphical User Interface) to control DC motor. To launch the GUI, type the below command in the command window

guide

 

A popup window will open, then select new blank GUI as shown in below image,

Creating GUI in MATLAB

 

Now choose three pushbuttons for Clockwise rotation, Anti-clockwise rotation and STOP, as shown below,

Pushbutton in MATLAB GUI

 

To resize or to change the shape of the button, just click on it and you will be able to drag the corners of the button. By double-clicking on pushbutton you can change the color, string and tag of that particular button. We have customized three buttons as shown in below picture.

GUI Inspector for Changing Tag, string and color

GUI for DC Motor Control Using MATLAB

 

You can customize the buttons as per your choice. Now when you save this, a code is generated in the Editor window of MATLAB. To code your Arduino for performing any task related to your project, you always have to edit this generated code. So below we have edited the MATLAB code.

 

MATLAB Code for controlling DC Motor with Arduino

Complete MATLAB code, after editing it for DC motor control, is given at the end of this project. Further we are including the GUI file (.fig) and code file(.m) here for download, using which you can customize the buttons as per your requirement. Below are some tweaks we did for rotating the DC Motor clockwise, anticlockwise and stop using three push buttons.

Copy and paste the below code on line no. 74 to make sure that the Arduino is talking with MATLAB every time you run the m-file.

clear all;
global a;
a = arduino();

 

Initializing Arduino in MATLAB

 

When you scroll down, you will see that there are three functions for every Button in the GUI. Now write the code in every function according to task you want to perform on click.

In Clockwise button’s function, copy and paste the below code just before the ending braces of the function to rotate the motor in clockwise direction. Here we are giving HIGH at pin 6 and LOW at pin 5 to rotate the motor in clockwise direction.

global a;
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D5', 0);
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D6', 1);
pause(0.5);

 

Command to run DC motor clockwise in MATLAB

 

Now in Anti-clockwise button’s function, paste the below code at the end of the function to rotate the motor in anti-clockwise direction. Here we are giving HIGH at pin 5 and LOW at pin 6 to rotate the motor in Anti-clockwise direction.

global a;
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D5', 1);
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D6', 0);
pause(0.5);

 

Command to run DC motor anticlockwise in MATLAB

 

Finally in STOP button’s function, paste the below code at the end, to stop the rotation of motor. Here we are giving LOW at both pin 5 and 6 to stop the motor.

global a;
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D5', 0);
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D6', 0);
pause(0.5);

 

Command to stop DC motor in MATLAB

 

Material Required

  • MATLAB installed Laptop (Preference: R2016a or above versions)
  • Arduino UNO
  • DC Motor
  • L293D- motor driver

 

Circuit Diagram

Circuit Diagram for DC Motor Control Using MATLAB and Arduino

DC-Motor in action Using MATLAB and Arduino

 

Controlling DC Motor with MATLAB

After setup the hardware according to circuit diagram, just click on the run button to run the edited code in .m file

Run Program

 

MATLAB may take few seconds to respond, do not click on any GUI button until MATLAB shows BUSY indication, which you can see at the left bottom corner of the screen as shown below,

Wait until MATLAB is BUSY

 

When everything is ready, click on clockwise or anticlockwise button to rotate the motor. When you press Clockwise button current flow through Pin 6 to Pin 5 and motor will rotate in clockwise direction while in anticlockwise current flows through Pin 5 to Pin 6 and motor will rotate in clockwise direction will rotate in clockwise direction. To stop the rotation of DC motor press STOP button. Same method can be used to control the servo Motor using MATLAB, we just need to a edit the code accordingly. You can check out the video below to understand the complete process of MATLAB DC motor control using the Arduino.

Code

function varargout = DCmotor(varargin)

gui_Singleton = 1;
gui_State = struct('gui_Name',       mfilename, ...
                   'gui_Singleton',  gui_Singleton, ...
                   'gui_OpeningFcn', @DCmotor_OpeningFcn, ...
                   'gui_OutputFcn',  @DCmotor_OutputFcn, ...
                   'gui_LayoutFcn',  [] , ...
                   'gui_Callback',   []);
if nargin && ischar(varargin{1})
    gui_State.gui_Callback = str2func(varargin{1});
end

if nargout
    [varargout{1:nargout}] = gui_mainfcn(gui_State, varargin{:});
else
    gui_mainfcn(gui_State, varargin{:});
end
function DCmotor_OpeningFcn(hObject, eventdata, handles, varargin)

guidata(hObject, handles);

 

function varargout = DCmotor_OutputFcn(hObject, eventdata, handles) 

varargout{1} = handles.output;
clear all;
global a;
a = arduino();

 

function clockwise_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)

global a;
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D5', 0);
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D6', 1);
pause(0.5);

 

function anticlockwise_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)

global a;
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D5', 1);
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D6', 0);
pause(0.5);

 

function stop_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)

global a;
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D5', 0);
writeDigitalPin(a, 'D6', 0);
pause(0.5);

Video

Get Our Weekly Newsletter!

Subscribe below to receive most popular news, articles and DIY projects from Circuit Digest

Comments

Log in or register to post Comment