Driving a 7-Segment Display using a BCD to 7 Segment Driver IC (CD4511)

electronics

ByPankaj Khatri 1

Driving a 7-Segment Display using a BCD to 7 Segment Driver IC 4511

There are many ICs available to drive a 7 Segment display like IC 4026, 4033 etc and we have covered driving 7-segment using 4026 and using 4033. In this tutorial we are going to drive 7-segment display with IC 4511. This CD4511 IC is basically a BCD to 7-Segment decoder/driver IC, using which you can convert a binary number into a decimal number on the 7-segment display. For example, for printing number “2” on 7-segment display we will give 0010 to the inputs (A,B,C,D) of IC4511, like wise we can print 0-9 decimal number on single 7-segment display. We can be able to display a decimal number without using this chipset, but then we need 3 more pins and circuit will be complex, for saving pin we are using this IC.

IC 4511 has some inputs pins called BCD. We just have to make those BCD inputs High or Low according to the BCD code of that decimal number and we get the decimal number on display. For example: If you want to display ‘4’, the binary code of four is 0100 so we will give 0,1,0,0 to D, C, B, A inputs respectively and get the decimal number ‘4’ displayed on 7-segment.

 

Components Required

  • CD4511 7-segment driver IC
  • 7-segment display (common cathode)
  • Push buttons
  • Resistor (1k, 550 ohms)
  • supply voltage 5v / 9v
  • Connecting wires
  • Breadboard

 

Circuit Diagram

7 segment display driver circuit diagram using IC4511

In this BCD to 7-Segment Driver circuit, we are giving input through the push buttons as LOW or HIGH to the Pins 1, 2, 6, and 7. PIN 3 (lamp test) is directly connected to 5v, used for the testing of LEDs. Using this Pin, we can turn ON all the LEDs of the display to test the 7-segment display.

Pin 4 of 4511, which is blank input pin, used to turn off all the LEDs of the display, we are not using this pin in this circuit. We can turn off all the LEDs at a moment using this Pin. Pin 5 is connected to ground as we are using the pin to strobe the output. Pin 16 is connected to the power supply and Pin 8 is connected to the ground. Remaining Pins 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 are connected with 7-segment display.

7-segment display driver circuit hardware implementation

 

CD4511 7-Segment Driver IC

CD4511 is a BCD to 7-segment latch decoder driver IC formed with CMOS logic and NPN bipolar transistor output devices on an immovable structure. This IC is used where we need to driving common-cathode displays like 7-segment display, low voltage fluorescent display, and incandescent display. It has high output-current-sourcing up to 25mA comes with lamp test and blanking capability to test the display. It is having a DC supply input ranges from 3 to 18v with a normal operating temperature range from -40°C to +85°C.

 

Pin Diagram

IC 4511 Pin Diagram

 

Pin Configuration

Pin no.

Pin name

Description

1,2,6,7

B,C,D,A

BCD input of the IC

3

Display test/Lamp test

To test the display

4

Blank input

To turn-off the brightness of the display

5

Store

Store or strobe a BCD code

8

Gnd

Ground

9,10,11,12,13,14,15

e,d,c,b,a,g,f

7-segment outputs

16

Vcc

Positive supply input

 

7-Segment Display

A seven-segment display (SSD) is a widely used electronic display device for displaying decimal numbers from 0 to 9. They are most commonly used in electronic devices like digital clocks, timers and calculators to display numeric information. As its name indicates, it is made of seven different illuminating segments which are arranged in such a way that it can form the numbers from 0-9 by displaying different combinations of segments. It is also able to form some alphabets like A, B, C, H, F, E, etc. Learn more about 7-Segment Display here.

7 Segment Display Pinout

7 segment displays are among the simplest display units to display the numbers and characters. As shown in the above image of a 7-segment display, it consists of 8 LEDs, each LED used to illuminate one segment of unit and the 8thLED used to illuminate DOT in 7 segment display. We can refer each segment as a LINE, as we can see there are 7 lines in the unit, which are used to display a number/character. We can refer each segment "a,b,c,d,e,f,g" and for dot character we will use "h". There are 10 pins, in which 8 pins are used to refer a,b,c,d,e,f,g and h/dp, the two middle pins are common anode/cathode of all he LEDs. These common anode/cathode are internally shorted so we need to connect only one COM pin.

 

There are two types of 7 segment displays: Common Anode and Common Cathode:

Common Cathode: In this all the Negative terminals (cathode) of all the 8 LEDs are connected together (see diagram below), named as COM. And all the positive terminals are left alone.

Common Anode: In this all the positive terminals (Anodes) of all the 8 LEDs are connected together, named as COM. And all the negative thermals are left alone.

Types of seven segment displays

 

How to Display Numbers on 7 Segment Display using Binary Code?

If we want to display the number “0” on a common-cathode 7-segment display, then we need to glow all the LEDs except LED which belongs to line “g” (see 7 segment pin diagram above, so we need a bit pattern 00111111. Similarly to display “1”we need to glow LEDs associated with b and c, so the bit pattern for this would be 00000110. BCD code for both type of display common-cathode and common-anode given in the table below:

Digit to Display

BCD code

(A B C D)

 

Common anode

( h g f e d c b a)

 

Common cathode

(h g f e d c b a)

0

0000

11000000

00111111

1

0001

11111001

00000110

2

0010

10100100

01011011

3

0011

10110000

01001111

4

0100

10011001

01100110

5

0101

10010010

01101101

6

0110

10000010

01111101

7

0111

11111000

00000111

8

1000

10000000

01111111

9

1001

10011000

01100111

 

BCD to 7-Segment Decoder Circuit with IC 4511:

Initially the display will show Zero, as buttons are connected to pull down resistors and gives LOW as output when no button is pressed. So for getting any particular decimal number you just follow the table and you will get to know that out of 4 which buttons you have to press for displaying the particular number. Pressing any button will give a high input to the corresponding pin of 4511 and accordingly decimal number will be displayed on 7-segment. You can show decimal number from 0 to 9 on a single 7-segment display.

Displaying decimal number

BCD code for IC4511

Push buttons

D

C

B

A

0

0000

Low

Low

Low

Low

1

0001

Low

Low

Low

High

2

0010

Low

Low

High

Low

3

0011

Low

Low

High

High

4

0100

Low

High

Low

Low

5

0101

Low

High

Low

High

6

0110

Low

High

High

Low

7

0111

Low

High

High

High

8

1000

High

Low

Low

Low

9

1001

High

Low

Low

High

 

7 segment display driver circuit in action

Complete working of the circuit is shown in the Video Given below.

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Video

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Comments

  • Chris Justice's picture
    Chris Justice
    May 27, 2018

    Pls if a digit is saved on the 4511 BCD decoder, will it remember the saved input after power OFF and is repowered?

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