How to Program ATtiny85 Microcontroller IC with Arduino Uno

Programming ATtiny85 Microcontroller IC with Arduino Uno

Arduino

ByAshish Choudhary 0

Programming ATtiny85 with Arduino Uno

ATtiny85 Microcontroller Chip is an affordable and powerful alternative to other Arduino microcontrollers, especially when you want to shrink your project down. The chip features 8 pins out of which six are I/O (Including Reset) pins and two are power pins. But how do you program it as it doesn’t have a USB interface like other microcontroller boards? So in this article, I will walk you through the process of programming the ATtiny85 from the Arduino IDE with the help of the Arduino Uno. Basically, we will be using the Arduino UNO as the ATtiny85 programmer.

 

Components Required for Programming ATtiny85

  • Arduino UNO
  • ATtiny85 IC
  • LED
  • 220-ohm resistor
  • Breadboard
  • Jumper Wires

 

ATtiny85 Microcontroller Chip - Introduction

 

Atmel's ATtiny85 is a high performance, low power 8-bit microcontroller based on Advanced RISC Architecture. This microcontroller chip features 8KB ISP flash memory, 512B EEPROM, 512-Byte SRAM, 6 general-purpose I/O lines, 32 general purpose working registers, one 8-bit timer/counter with compare modes, one 8-bit high-speed timer/counter, USI, internal and external Interrupts, 4-channel 10-bit A/D converter, programmable watchdog timer with internal oscillator, three software selectable power saving modes, and debugWIRE for on-chip debugging. ATtiny85 Pinout is given below:

 

ATtiny85 Microcontroller Chip

 

Most of the I/O pins of the chip have more than one function. Check out the table given below to know about the ATtiny85 pin description for each pin.

 

 

Pin No.

Pin Name

Pin Description

1

PB5(PCINT5/ADC0/dW)

PCINT5: Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source5

RESET: Reset Pin

ADC0: ADC Input Channel 0

dW: debug WIRE I/O

2

PB3(PCINT3/XTAL1/CLKI/ADC3)

PCINT3: Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source3

XTAL1: Crystal Oscillator Pin1

CLKI: External Clock Input

ADC3: ADC Input Channel 3

3

PB4 (PCINT4/XTAL2/CLKO/OC1B/ADC2)

PCINT4: Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 4

XTAL2: Crystal Oscillator Pin 2

CLKO: System Clock Output

OC1B: Timer/Counter1 Compare Match B Output

ADC2: ADC Input Channel 2

4

GND

Ground Pin

5

PB0(MOSI/DI/SDA/AIN0/OC0A/AREF/ PCINT0)

MOSI: SPI Master Data Output / Slave Data Input

DI: USI Data Input (Three Wire Mode)

SDA: USI Data Input (Two Wire Mode)

AIN0: Analog Comparator, Positive Input

OC0A: Timer/Counter0 Compare Match A output

AREF: External Analog Reference

PCINT0: Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 0

6

PB1(MISO/D0/AIN1/OC0B/OC1A/ PCINT1)

MISO: SPI Master Data Input / Slave Data Output

DO: USI Data Output (Three Wire Mode)

AIN1: Analog Comparator, Negative Input

OC0B: Timer/Counter0 Compare Match B Output

OC1A: Timer/Counter1 Compare Match A Output

PCINT1: Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 1

7

PB2(SCK/USCK/SCL/ADC1/T0/INT0/ PCINT2)

SCK: Serial Clock Input

USCK: USI Clock (Three Wire Mode)

SCL: USI Clock (Two Wire Mode)

ADC1: ADC Input Channel 1

T0: Timer/Counter0 Clock Source

 

INT0: External Interrupt 0 Input

PCINT2: Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 2

8

VCC

Supply Voltage Pin

Step 1: Configuring Arduino Uno as an ISP:

Since ATtiny85 is just a microcontroller, it requires an ISP (In-System Programming) to be programmed. So to program the ATtiny85, we need to first configure Arduino Uno as ISP to act as a programmer for the ATtiny85. For that, connect the Arduino Uno to Laptop and open the Arduino IDE. After that, navigate to File > Example > ArduinoISP and upload the Arduino ISP code.

Arduino IDE Configuration

Step 2: Circuit Diagram for Programming ATtiny85:

The complete schematic for Programming ATtiny85 with Arduino Uno is given below:

ATtiny85 with Arduino Circuit Diagram

The positive pin of LED is connected to Pin 0 of the ATtiny85 IC through a 220Ω resistor while the GND pin is connected to the GND of IC. The complete connections are given in the table below:

ATtiny85 Pin

Arduino Uno Pin

Vcc

5V

GND

GND

Pin 2

13

Pin 1

12

Pin 0

11

Reset

10

ATtiny85 with Arduino UNO

Step 3: Programming ATtiny85 Using Arduino IDE:

To program the ATtiny85 with Arduino IDE, first, we need to add the ATtiny85 Support to Arduino IDE. For that, go to File > Preferences and add the below link in the Additional Boards Manager URLs and click ‘OK.’

https://raw.githubusercontent.com/damellis/attiny/ide-1.6.x-boards-manager/package_damellis_attiny_index.json

ATtiny85 Board with Arduino IDE

After that, go to Tools > Board > Board Manager and search for ‘attiny’ and install the latest version.

ATtiny Latest Version

After installing it, now you would be able to see a new entry in the Board menu titled 'Attiny25/45/85'.

Attiny85 Microcontroller with Arduino IDE

Now, go to File > Examples > Basics and open the Blink example.

Arduino IDE Configuration

Change the pin number there from LED_BUILTIN to 0.

Programming ATtiny85 Using Arduino IDE

Now go back to Tools -> Board and select “Attiny25/45/85”, then select ATtiny85 under Tools > Processor.

Arduino IDE Tools

Now, go ahead and upload the code. If the LED connected to Pin 0 of Attiny85 IC blinks, then the code is uploaded successfully.

This is how you can program the ATtiny85 Microcontroller Chip using Arduino IDE and Arduino Uno. A working video is given below. If you have any questions, leave them in the comment section. You can also post your technical queries on our Electronics Forum to get better insights.

Video

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