IoT Controlled LED using Google Firebase Console and ESP8266 NodeMCU

iot

ByAbhiemanyu Pandit 0

Controlling LED using Google Firebase Console using ESP8266

Have you ever thought of controlling any peripheral from anywhere in the world? Yes the IoT (Internet of things) has made this possible to control any appliance from anywhere and there are many IoT hardware and cloud platform are available to achieve this. We have covered many IoT applications in our previous tutorial. Today we will use Google Firebase cloud to control an LED using NodeMCU ESP8266. If you don’t know that what Firebase is, then I will try to tell in brief.

Firebase is Google’s database platform which is used to create, manage and modify data generated from any android application, web services, sensors etc. For more information on Firebase please visit the official website of Google Firebase.

To control an LED from Firebase, first we will set up the NodeMCU ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module and then set up Google Firebase.

 

Setting Up NodeMCU ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module

Setting up NodeMCU is very easy and it won’t take much time. This can be done in few simple components and simple steps.

 

Components required

  1. NodeMCU ESP8266(12E)
  2. Led

If you don’t have NodeMCU ESP8266(12E) then you can also use Generic ESP8266 module with Arduino UNO and Arduino IDE. To know how to program Generic ESP8266 module using Arduino UNO and Arduino IDE, just follow the link.

 

Circuit Diagram

Circuit Diagram for Controlling LED using Google Firebase Console

Once you are all set with components please follow simple steps mentioned below:

  1. Connect NodeMCU with Computer.
  2. Open Arduino IDE.
  3. Goto ‘Tools’ and Select ‘Boards’.
  4. In board’s section, select ‘NodeMCU V1.0 (ESP-12E Module)’.
  5. Also select appropriate COM Port.
  6. After finding the “FIREBASE_HOST” and “FIREBASE_AUTH” following the steps mentioned below, edit this in sketch given below and upload.

If you are completely new to ESP8266 then start with Introduction of ESP8266 article.

 

Programming NodeMCU ESP8266 for using Google Firebase

Complete program with working Video is given at the end. Here we are explaining few important parts of the code.

Firstly include the libraries for using ESP8266 and firebase.

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h
#include <FirebaseArduino.h

 

Download and install the libraries by following the below links:

https://github.com/FirebaseExtended/firebase-arduino/blob/master/src/Firebase.h

https://github.com/bblanchon/ArduinoJson

While compiling, if you get error that ArduinoJson.h library is not installed then please install it using link given above.

 

These two parameters are very important to communicate with firebase. Setting these parameters will enable the data exchange between and ESP8266 and firebase. To find these parameters for your project, follow the steps given in later section (Setting Up Firebase) below.

#define FIREBASE_HOST "your-project.firebaseio.com"             // the project name address from firebase id
#define FIREBASE_AUTH "06dEpqanFg***************qAwnQLwLI"       // the secret key generated from firebase

 

After successfully finding the credentials, just replace in the above code.

 

Below parameters are used to connect to your home Wi-Fi network or the network that you setup. Replace SSID and password with your network SSID and password. Also internet is required in order to communicate with firebase.

#define WIFI_SSID "xxxxxxxxxxxxx"                   // input your home or public wifi name 
#define WIFI_PASSWORD "xxxxxxxxxxxxxx"             //password of wifi ssid

 

This statement tries to connect with your entered Wi-Fi network.

WiFi.begin(WIFI_SSID, WIFI_PASSWORD);             //try to connect with wifi

 

When connecting to Wi-Fi, if it doesn’t connect to network then just print(.) until it is not successfully connected.

  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.print(".");
    delay(500);
  }

 

This statement tries to connect with firebase server. If the host address and authorization key are correct then it will connect successfully

Firebase.begin(FIREBASE_HOST, FIREBASE_AUTH);            // connect to firebase

 

This is the class provided by firebase library to send string to firebase server. To use more classes go to this link. Initially send one string to the home path. With the help of this we can change the status of LED.

Firebase.setString("LED_STATUS", "OFF");                  //send initial string of led status

 

After sending one status string to firebase path, write this statement to get the status of LED from same path and save it to variable.

fireStatus = Firebase.getString("LED_STATUS");              // get ld status input from firebase

 

If received string is “ON” or “on” then just turn on built-in LED and externally connected LED.

  if (fireStatus == "ON" || fireStatus == "on") {                                   // compare the input of led status received from firebase
    Serial.println("Led Turned ON");                         
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);                             // make bultin led ON
    digitalWrite(led, HIGH);                                    // make external led ON
  } 

 

If received string is “OFF” or “off” then just turn off built-in LED and externally connected led.

  else if (fireStatus == "OFF" || fireStatus == "off") {                                // compare the input of led status received from firebase
    Serial.println("Led Turned OFF");
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, LOW);                                // make bultin led OFF
    digitalWrite(led, LOW);                                         // make external led OFF
  }

 

If received string is not any of these then just ignore and print some error meesage.

  else {
    Serial.println("Wrong Credential! Please send ON/OFF");
    }  

 

Setting Up Firebase Console

If you are using Firebase first time then you may take some time to setting it up. Have patience and follow these steps.

1. If you have Gmail id then you don’t need to Sign Up for firebase, if you don’t have Gmail id then Sign Up for one and then you can go to next step.

2. Open your browser and go to “firebase.google.com”

3. At the right top corner go to “Go to Console”

Setting Up Firebase Console for Controlling LED

 

4. Click on “Add project”

Start New Project on Google Firebase

 

5. Input your Project Name.

Developing Project for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

6. Accept the terms and condition, Create project and click on “Continue”

Create Project for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

You have successfully created your project. Look for the Host Name and Authorization Key also known as Secret Key. For this, follow steps given below:

 

7. Go to Settings Icon(Gear Icon) and click on “Project Settings”

Setup Project for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

8. Now click on “Service Accounts”

Setup Project Account for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

9. You can see two options “Firebase admin SDK” and “Database Secrets”

10. Click on “Database Secrets”

11. Scroll on your project name and ”Show” option appears at right side of your project

12. Click on “Show” and now you can see secret key created for your project   

Get Secret Key for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

13. Copy the secret key and save it to notepad. This is your “FIREBASE_AUTH” string which we have written in Arduino program above.

Firebase Auth for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

14. Now go to “Database” on left control bar and click on it

15. Scroll down and click on “Create Database”

Create Database for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

16. Choose “Start in test mode” and click on “Enable”

Run Test Mode for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

17. Now your database is created and you will have to come to this section again to control LED

18. Now just above the database you  can see

https://your_project_name.firebaseio.com/

Database Created for Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

19. Just copy “your_project_name.firebaseio.com” without any slash and https and save it again to notepad just you had saved for secret key

20. This is your “FIREBASE_HOST” string which we have written in Arduino program above

21. You can explore the firebase but let’s finish the tutorial first.

Controlling LED using Google Firebase

 

Now put “FIREBASE_HOST” and “FIREBASE_AUTH” in Arduino program and upload the sketch. And we are done with setting up both sections. Complete Arduino Program is given at the end.

Testing by Controlling LED using Google Firebase Console

 

Open the firebase database and write “ON” or “OFF” or “on” or “off” in “LED_STATUS” section to control LED from Google Firebase console.

Watch the Video below to understand the working of the project. We will send temperature and humidity data to firebase cloud in our next project.

Code

/* Controlling LED using Firebase console by CircuitDigest(www.circuitdigest.com) */
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>                                                // esp8266 library
#include <FirebaseArduino.h>                                             // firebase library

#define FIREBASE_HOST "your-project.firebaseio.com"                         // the project name address from firebase id
#define FIREBASE_AUTH "06dEpqanFg***************qAwnQLwLI"                    // the secret key generated from firebase
#define WIFI_SSID "xxxxxxxxxxxxx"                                          // input your home or public wifi name 
#define WIFI_PASSWORD "xxxxxxxxxxxxxx"                                    //password of wifi ssid

String fireStatus = "";                                                     // led status received from firebase
int led = D3;                                                                // for external led
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  delay(1000);
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(led, OUTPUT);                 
  WiFi.begin(WIFI_SSID, WIFI_PASSWORD);                                      //try to connect with wifi
  Serial.print("Connecting to ");
  Serial.print(WIFI_SSID);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.print(".");
    delay(500);
  }
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("Connected to ");
  Serial.println(WIFI_SSID);
  Serial.print("IP Address is : ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());                                                      //print local IP address
  Firebase.begin(FIREBASE_HOST, FIREBASE_AUTH);                                       // connect to firebase
  Firebase.setString("LED_STATUS", "OFF");                                          //send initial string of led status
}

void loop() {
  fireStatus = Firebase.getString("LED_STATUS");                                      // get ld status input from firebase
  if (fireStatus == "ON") {                                                          // compare the input of led status received from firebase
    Serial.println("Led Turned ON");                         
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, LOW);                                                  // make bultin led ON
    digitalWrite(led, HIGH);                                                         // make external led ON
  } 
  else if (fireStatus == "OFF") {                                                  // compare the input of led status received from firebase
    Serial.println("Led Turned OFF");
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);                                               // make bultin led OFF
    digitalWrite(led, LOW);                                                         // make external led OFF
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Wrong Credential! Please send ON/OFF");
  }
}

Video

Get Our Weekly Newsletter!

Subscribe below to receive most popular news, articles and DIY projects from Circuit Digest

Comments

Log in or register to post Comment