Semiconductors play a critical role in computing, home appliances, communication devices, transportation systems, critical infrastructure, etc. Opening a new frontier for semiconductors, IBM has announced 2-nanometer chip technology to propel major leaps forward in performance and energy efficiency.
The new 2nm chip technology helps advance the state-of-the-art in the semiconductor industry, addressing growing chip performance and energy efficiency demand. The technology is projected to achieve 45% higher performance or 75% lower energy use, than the most advanced 7 nm node chips available in the market.
These 2nm chips are beneficial in quadrupling cell phone battery life, only requiring users to charge their devices every four days. These help in cutting down the carbon footprint of data centers that account for 1% of global energy use. Moreover, these help in increasing the laptop's functions like quicker processing in applications, assisting in language translation more easily, faster internet access, etc. Faster object detection and reaction time in autonomous vehicles like self-driving cars is the added advantage.
The 2 nm design chip demonstrates the advanced scaling of semiconductors using IBM’s nanosheet technology. This 2 nm chip can fit up to 50 billion transistors on a chip. More transistors on a chip provide processor designers more options to infuse core-level innovations to improve capabilities for leading-edge workloads like AI and cloud computing and pave new pathways for hardware-enforced security and encryption.